Huaraz is known as the 'Switzerland of the South' because of its beautiful peaks that are visible from the city centre. Huaraz is situated in north-central Peru, about 420 km north of Lima, and at an altitude of 3,052 meters (10,013 ft). It is the largest population centre in the agriculturally important Callejón de Huaylas valley. The Callejón (in Spanish roughly meaning large valley or corridor) is a north-south valley bounded on the east by the Cordillera Blanca (permanent white snow-caps and glaciers) and on the west by the Cordillera Negra (no permanent snow-capped peaks or glaciers, hence black).
All around Huaraz, the mountains region of the Cordilleras Blanca and Huayhuash boast lakes of melted topaz calmly wading under the nose of snow-dusted peaks tearing on avalanche – some 22 ostentatious summits over 6000m make this the highest mountain range in the world outside the Himalayas. Both Peru’s highest point, the 6768m Huascaran, and the picture-perfect 5999m Artesonraju (rumoured to be the mountain in Paramount Picture’s live-action logo), loom here over Andean villages as well as the pleasant city of Huaraz, the nerve centre of one of South America’s premier trekking, mountain biking and climbing areas.
Throughout the entire department, you can see the most spectacular snow covered mountains, among them Mount Huascaran (6,768 m), the tallest peak in Peru. In addition, there are hot springs and spectacular lakes as those of Llanganuco; in all, it is an area perfect for Peru travel adventure sports like white water rafting, mountain climbing, mountain biking, and trekking.
The Huascaran National Park placed on the World Natural Heritage List by UNESCO, guards’ wildlife species in its beautiful surroundings like condors, vicuñas, deer, pumas, Andean foxes, and viscachas.