Only 33 km away from Cusco you can find Piquillaqta. But what is Piquillaqta exactly and is it worth your visit? Read our blog and decide by yourself!
Between the 6th and 9th century, Piquillaqta was one of the most important Wari administrative centres. The Wari culture comes originally from the Andes (Ayacucho). This beautiful place was well urban planned according to the classic Wari concept, with a (almost) perfect and harmonious geometrical plan.
Huari structures are different than the Inca structures, the main difference is that the several buildings are made of non-carved stones that are organized into separated groups by straight streets and surrounded by 12m high walls, which gives an appearance of a fort. Experts say that Piquillaqta had more than 10.000 inhabitants, in more then 700 buildings and over 500 warehouses. A small percentage of the archaeological site survived and remained in the current place. There is evidence that some of the buildings hat 2 – 3 floors and you can see that they were very developed in many aspects.
The Wari culture spread throughout the central and southern part of Andes and Peru and Piquillaqta is one of its best-preserved buildings. But what does Piquillaqta exactly mean?
Piquillaqta is a Quechue word that means ‘small town’, the reason why they call it this is still unknown. The archaeological park covers an area of approximately 50 hectares and you will pass different information signs when you follow the path. However, we like to give you some information beforehand, so keep on reading and you will already have a little knowledge about Piquillaqta!
This was the biggest place of Piquillaqta and experts think that the inhabitants used to life at this part. These buildings are half circles and are irregular’s grounds.
Inhabitants of the area are still using his part of Piquillaqta, which is very special! Amarupata means ‘Place of snakes’, and that is perhaps because snakes were abounded in this place. This platform is placed ate the southeast of the city of Lucre and its ancient water channels are magnificent, that is why they still use this part.
Also known as the ‘Rock of the Condors’, since it had a rocky structure. Experts are convinced that this part of Piquillaqta was of great importance, however, the importance of this place is not yet defined.
Another name for Urpicancha is ‘House of birds’ and it is an important structure of Piquillaqta. This part of the archaeological park is located in a small plateau with a huge mountain behind, to the east of the lagoon Huacarpay. The platforms of Urpicancha are from extraordinary quality and excellently armed without amalgam of any type.
How to get there?
You can go Piquillaqta via a tour through the South Valley of Cusco. This is a one-day trip and you will see all the main attractions of Southern Cusco. You will not only visit Piquillaqta, but also Tipón and the colonial temple of Andahuaylillas.
If you decide to visit by yourself, you need to take in consideration that a ticket costs around 70 soles. However, you can also buy a ticket for 130 soles and than you have the possibility to visit several main attractions in and around Cusco for the next 10 days. Take into account that you only can pay cash and there is no ATM close by; so don’t forget!
You can visit Piquillaqta from Monday till Sunday, from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. and is its worth your visit if you have some days left!.